Essaouira

Essaouira

Essaouira, formerly known as Mogador, is a city on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. It was established as a trading post in the area in the 5th century BC. The city is an outstanding example of a fortified city dating back to the mid-18th century AD, as it is surrounded by a wall built according to the principles of European military architecture within a North African context, as it is fully consistent with the principles of Arab Islamic architecture and their way of planning cities. Essaouira has played a major role over the centuries as an international trading port connecting Morocco and sub-Saharan Africa with Europe and the rest of the world, and the city is also an example of multiculturalism and various sects (Muslims, Christians and Jews). Essaouira was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.

Site Information

Country: Morocco

District: Marrakesh-Safi

Category: Historic Cities and Regions

Site History: 5th Century BC

Oldest Culture: Ancient Carthage

Later Cultures: Berber + Roman + Islamic

Site Features: Mixed Monuments


World Heritage Site

Official Name: Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador)

Date of Inscription: 2001

Exact Location

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Morocco Map

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