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Sadd el-Kafara

Sadd el-Kafara

Sadd el-Kafara was a masonry embankment dam on Wadi al-Garawi 10 km southeast of Helwan in Cairo Governorate, Egypt. The dam was built in the first half of the third millennium BC by the ancient Egyptians for flood control and is the oldest dam of such size in the world. Never completed, the dam was under construction for 10-12 years before being destroyed by a flood.

Site Information

Country: Egypt

District: Cairo Governorate

Category: Bridges and Water Structures

Site History: Third Millennium BC

Oldest Culture: Ancient Egyptians

Later Cultures: Ancient Egyptians

Site Features: Ancient Egyptian Monuments

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