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Van Citadel

Van Citadel

Van Fortress, also known as Van Citadel, is a massive stone fortification built by the ancient Armenian kingdom of Urartu during the 9th to 7th centuries BC. Successive empires such as the Medes, Achaemenids, Armenians, Parthians, Romans, Sassanid Persians, Byzantines, Arabs, Seljuks, Safavids, Afsharids, Ottomans and Russians each controlled the fortress at one time or another. The ancient fortress is located just west of Van and east of Lake Van in the Van Province, Turkey.

Site Information

Country: Turkey

District: Van Province

Category: Castles and Fortresses

Site History: 9th Century BC

Oldest Culture: Kingdom of Urartu

Later Cultures: Persian + Armenian + Hellenistic + Roman + Byzantine + Islam

Site Features: Mixed Monuments


UNESCO Tentative List

Part of: Tushpa/Van Fortress, the Mound and the Old City of Van

Date of Submission: 2016

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