Zerzevan Castle

Zerzevan Castle

Zerzevan Castle, also Zarzavan Castle or Samachi Castle, is a ruined castle located in Diyarbakır Province, Turkey. It was built by Romans in the 3rd century AD as a military base on the ancient trade route between Diyarbakır and Mardin. The castle was in use in the Byzantine era until the 7th century AD. One of the most important monuments remaining in the castle is the Mithraeum, which is a temple for a Roman mystery religion centered on the god Mithras.

Site Information

Country: Turkey

District: Diyarbakır Province

Category: Castles and Fortresses

Site History: 3rd Century AD

Oldest Culture: Roman

Later Cultures: Byzantine

Site Features: Roman & Byzantine Monuments


UNESCO Tentative List

Official Name: Zerzevan Castle and Mithraeum

Date of Submission: 2020

Exact Location

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Turkey Map

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